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柴油發電機組冒煙的原因有哪些

來源:http://dgxcbw.comD88尊龙   發布于:2016-10-31

D88尊龙  今天我們濟南燃氣發電機組廠家小編給大家介紹的是柴油發電機組冒煙的原因有哪些?

  Today, we Ji'nan gas turbine manufacturers to introduce a small series of diesel generating units which are the reasons for the smoke?

  柴油發電機組的發動機排氣冒黑煙是柴油未充分燃燒,在高溫情況下分解出炭質隨廢氣排出的一種現象。排氣冒黑煙,不但降低了發動機功率,增加了柴油消耗量,且易形成積炭,縮短發動機使用壽命。原因如下:

  Diesel engine exhaust smoke black smoke diesel fuel is not fully combustion, in the case of high temperature decomposition of carbon emissions with a phenomenon. Black smoke exhaust, not only reduces the engine power, increase the consumption of diesel and easy formation of coke, shorten the service life of the engine. The reasons are as follows:

  一、柴油霧化不良

D88尊龙  Diesel atomization bad

  原因:(1)噴油器壓力調整過低;(2)噴油器調壓彈簧折斷或發卡;(3)噴油器針閥與閥座積炭,針閥卡滯或磨損過甚;(4)噴油泵出油閥減壓環帶磨損過甚,使噴油器滴油。

  Reasons: (1) the injector pressure adjustment is too low; (2) injector adjusting pressure spring break or issuing; (3) injector needle valve and valve seat coke needle clamping stagnation or wear very; (4) the fuel pump out of the oil valve ring wear off very, the injector drop of oil.

  二、氣缸壓縮終了時溫度和壓力下降原因

  Two. Temperature and pressure drop due to compression at the end of the cylinder.

D88尊龙  (1)缸筒、活塞環磨損過多,活塞環安裝不正確或失去彈性造成氣缸漏氣;(2)氣門間隙過小,熱車時易被頂開,或氣門燒蝕、積炭造成氣缸密封不嚴;(3)缸蓋與機體,噴油器與缸蓋接合面漏氣;(4)氣門嚴重下陷,活塞與活塞銷,活塞銷與連桿小頭,連桿大頭與連桿軸頸間隙過大,使燃燒室容積增大,壓縮比下降。

D88尊龙  (1) cylinder, piston ring wear too much, piston ring is not installed correctly or loses its elasticity caused by leakage in cylinder; (2) valve clearance is too small. Thecar is easily open the top, or valve ablation, carbon deposition caused by cylinder seals; (3) head and body, fuel injector and the cylinder head bonding surface leakage; (4) valve serious subsidence, piston and piston pin, piston pin and connecting rod small head, big end of the connecting rod and connecting rod journal clearance is too large, so that the combustion chamber volume increases, compression ratio decreased.

D88尊龙  三、氣缸內新鮮空氣不足

D88尊龙  Three, the lack of fresh air in the cylinder

  原因:(1)空氣濾清器濾芯積塵過多;(2)消聲器銹蝕、積炭或油污;(3)進、排氣門間隙過大,使氣門開度減小;(4)配器機構零件松動、磨損、變形,凸輪軸齒輪與曲軸正時齒輪相對位置變化,氣門開閉時間不正確。

D88尊龙  Reasons: (1) the air cleaner element product too much dust; (2) the muffler rust, coke or oil; (3) intake and exhaust valve clearance is too large, the valve opening decreases; (4) the orchestration of the body parts loosening, wear, deformation, gear, camshaft and crankshaft timing gear relative position change device, valve open and closing time is incorrect.

  四、供油時間及供油量不正確

D88尊龙  Four, supply time and fuel supply is not correct

D88尊龙  原因是:(1)供油時間過遲;(2)起動初期,氣體壓力和溫度較低,供油時間過早時;(3)噴油泵柱塞偶件磨損后加大供油行程使用;(4)噴油泵調節齒桿或拉桿行程過大,以致供油量過多。

  The reason is: (1) oil too late; (2) starting early, low gas pressure and temperature, fuel injection time too early; (3) fuel injection pump plunger and barrel parts wear increase oil trip use; (4) fuel pump adjustment of tooth rod or lever travel that oil supply amount is too much.

  感謝大家在百忙之中關注我們發布的產品信息,如果你想要了解更多,可以來我們公司咨詢。我們歡迎大家的光臨,并與你的合作!

  Thank you for your busy schedule to pay attention to our product information, if you want to know more, you can come to our company. We welcome all of you and work with you!


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